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What is Interferential current Therapy in Physiotherapy?

IFT is one of the Pain Modulating Modality which is clinically Proven and widely used by Physiotherapist to modulate pain. The word 'Interferential' suggests some sort of interference and this basis for the name of this current. Interferential currents (IFC) Therapy is two different kHz frequency alternating currents applied in a continuous rhythm. The currents have a slightly different frequency (for example, one might be 4000 Hz, the other 4050 Hz).

The original interferential stimulators used sinusoidal AC at a frequency of 4 kHz. kHz frequencies make it little difference whether the shape is sinusoidal, rectangular or triangular. Interferential stimulators also offer the option of  'modulated interferential current' where the two slightly different frequency cur are combined within the stimulator and a current is applied Single pair of electrodes.
IFT which is Representing the Name Interferential Current therapy is a highly recommended and practiced therapy by physio…
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Myofascial slings In Physiotherapy

Myofascial slings are in body to Work together to transfer load through the lumbar and pelvic Area. As name says, Myofascial slings are made up of fascia, muscles and ligaments to provide stability and mobility. Myofascial slings connect and function together to produce dynamic movement in the body. when the Myofascial slings are working efficiently, they also help us move better, produce more force, and create more speed. The body is a complex system made up of many of these anatomical slings. Muscles are linked by a fascia within a specific myofascial sling to generate force that transfers load within the pelvis and lumbar spine. Research indicates that it can cause instability when there is a weak component in the sling, resulting in poor performance and injury. In order to generate and sustain dynamic movement, different muscles and slings will overlap and interconnect. They provide optimum alignment of bones and joints to create movement while myofascial slings function in harmon…

Extensor hallucis longus muscle in human body

It is a thin muscle situated in between the tibialis anterior and the extensor digitorum longus muscle.Origin – an anterior shaft of fibula, interosseous membraneInsertion- the base of distal phalanx of the great toeNerve supply – deep peroneal nerve(l4,5,s1)Blood supply – anterior tibial arteryAction – an extension of great toe, assists dorsiflexion of anklePalpation – tendon palpated lateral to tibialis anterior the tendon on the anterior surface of the ankle and also on the dorsum of the foot near the greater toe

Tibialis anterior muscle in human body

Origin – lateral condyle and lateral shaft of tibia , interosseous membrane Insertion- the base of 1st metatarsal,first cuneiformNerve supply- deep peroneal nerve(l4,5,s1)Blood supply- anterior tibial arteryAction- dorsiflexion of the ankle, inversion of the footPalpation- lateral side of the tibia on the anterior surface during active ankle dorsiflexion tendon palpated on the medial side of anterior the surface of the ankle.Paralysis of this muscle causes foot drop. Frequently involved in “shin splints"

Tibialis posterior muscle in human body

It is the deepest muscle of the deep posterior compartment of the lower leg.Origin – posterior tibia, fibula, and interosseous membrane Insertion- navicular and adjacent tarsals and metatarsals on the plantar surface.Nerve supply – tibial nerve(l5,s1)

Blood supply- posterior tibial arteryAction- inversion of the foot, assist plantarflexion of the anklePalpation- tendon palpated on medial malleolus during active inversion of the foot.belly is deep to triceps sural and cannot be palpated.“it is the key stabilizing muscle of the lower leg"

The peroneus muscles in the human body

The peroneus muscles are consist of three muscles and it also called fibularis. Peroneus is derived from the Greek word for fibula, indicating the location of the peroneal muscles.1.Peroneus Tertius (fibularis Tertius)2.Peroneus brevis ( fibularis brevis)3.Peroneus longus (fibularis longus)

1.Peroneus Tertius (fibularis Tertius)Origin – anterior distal fibula(with extensor digitorum longus)Insertion – the base of 5th metatarsal Nerve supply – deep peroneal nerve(l4,5,s1)Action – eversion of the foot, assist dorsiflexionPalpation – tendon palpated lateral to extensor digitorum longus tendon on dorsum of foot at base of 5th metatarsal.This muscle functions to place the foot flat on the ground by raising the lateral border.2.Peroneus brevis (fibularis brevis)Origin – lateral shaft of the fibula (lower 2/3)Insertion – the base of 5th metatarsalNerve supply- superficial peroneal nerve (l4,5,s1)Blood supply –Action – eversion of the foot, assist plantar flexion of the anklePalpation- tendon …

Extensor digitorum longus and brevis muscle in the human body

Extensor digitorum  longusIt is the pennate muscle situated in the lateral part of the front leg.Origin – lateral the condyle of tibia, proximal 2/3 of anterior shaft of fibulaInsertion – middle and distal phalanges of 4 lateral toesNerve supply – deep peroneal nerve(l4,5,s1)Blood supply – proximal part is supplied by anterior tibial artery and the distal part is supplied by the fibular artery.Palpation- common tendon palpated on the anterior surface of the ankle, lateral to extensor hallucis longus tendon. the divided tendons palpated on the dorsum of the foot.

2.Extensor digitorum brevis Origin – anterior calcaneusInsertion – extensor expansion of 4 medial toesNerve supply  - deep peroneal nerve(l4,5,s1)Action – aids extension of 4 medial toes at mp jointsBlood supply - anterior perforating branch of the fibular artery and the anterior lateral malleolar arteryPalpation- anterior to andslightly below lateral malleolus on the dorsum of the foot.


The two large muscles are together known as a calf muscle.GastrocnemiusSoleus
1.Gastrocnemius-It is the larger calf muscle forming the bulge of calf muscle which is visible beneath the skin. The two heads of the gastrocnemius muscletogether create a diamond shape of the muscle.Origin- medial head: medial epicondyle of the femurlateral head: lateral epicondyle of the femurInsertion- calcaneus via tendo achillisNerve supply-tibial nerveBlood supply- branch of popliteal artery anterior and posterior tibial arteryAction- plantar flexion of the ankle or assist flexion of the kneePalpation- the upper half of the posterior calf during active plantarflexion of ankle .tendon palpated as part of Achilles tendon. Gastro is the Greek term for “belly”.this muscle can act on the knee or the ankle separately but not simultaneously.SoleusIt is a smaller calf muscle and it lies underneath the gastrocnemius muscle.Origin- a sole line of the tibia, posterior head, and upper shaft of fibulaInsertion- calc…